Research Outputs

IKnowFood over the course of the 4-year programme and beyond will co-create a range of resources including practical tools, reports, policy briefs, event reports, data sets, case studies and research publications.

Policy Briefs

IKnowFood and YESI joint policy brief entitled York Citizen Food Assembly Policy Brief

IKnowFood and N8 AgriFood joint policy brief entitled Resilience of Fresh Fruit and Vegetables supply chains in the face of Brexit

Related Academic Publications

Power M, Pybus KJ, Pickett KE and Doherty B. “The reality is that on Universal Credit I cannot provide the recommended amount of fresh fruit and vegetables per day for my children”: Moving from a behavioural to a systemic understanding of food practices [version 1; peer review: 2 approved]. Emerald Open Res 2021, 3:3

Power M, Doherty B, Pybus KJ and Pickett KE. How COVID-19 has exposed inequalities in the UK food system: The case of UK food and poverty [version 2; peer review: 5 approved]. Emerald Open Res 2020, 2:11

Garnett, P., Doherty, B. & Heron, T. Vulnerability of the United Kingdom’s food supply chains exposed by COVID-19. Nat Food 1, 315–318 (2020).

Durán, AP, Green, JMH, West, CD, et al. A practical approach to measuring the biodiversity impacts of land conversion. Methods Ecol Evol. 2020; 11: 910– 921.

Green, J M H, Croft, S A, Durán, A P, Balmford, A P, Burgess N D, Fick S, Gardner T A, Godar, J, Suavet, C, Virah-Sawmy, M, Young, L E, West, C D (2019). Linking global drivers of agricultural trade to on-the-ground impacts on biodiversity. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Oct 2019, 201905618.

Howley, P and Ocean, N (2019). Doing More with Less: Leveraging Social Norms and Status Concerns in Encouraging Conservation Farm Practices, available at SSRN:

Ocean, N., Howley, P. and Ensor, J. (2019). Lettuce be happy: A longitudinal UK study on the relationship between fruit and vegetable consumption and well-being, Social Science and Medicine, in press, available online 7 January 2019.

Croft, S. A., West, C. and Green, J. M. H. (2018). Capturing the heterogeneity of sub-national production in global trade flows, Journal of Cleaner Production, 203(1), 1106-1118.

Doherty, B., Ensor, J., Heron, T. and Prado, P. (2019). Food Systems Resilience: Towards an Interdisciplinary Research Agenda, Sustainable Food Systems, Emerald Open access gateway

Virah-Sawmy, M., Duran, A.P., Green, J., Guerrero, A.M., Biggs, D., West, C. (2019). Sustainability gridlock in a global agricultural commodity chain: reframing the soy-meat food system, Sustainable Production and Consumption, 18, 210-223.

West, C.D., Hobbs, E., Croft, S.A., Green, J. M. H., Schmidt, S.Y. and Wood, R. (2019).Improving consumption based accounting for global capture fisheries, Journal of Cleaner Production, 212, 1396-1408.

Gardner, T. A., Benzie, M., Borner, J., Dawkins, E., Fick, S., …Wolvekamp, P. (2018). Transparency and sustainability in global commodity supply chains. World Development, 121, 163-177.

Duckett, T., Pearson, S., Blackmore, S., Grieve, B., Wilson, P., Gill, H., … Georgilas, I. (2018). Agricultural Robotics: The Future of Robotic Agriculture. (UK-RAS White Papers). London: UK-RAS Network.

Power, M., Small, N., Doherty, B., Pickett, K. E. (2018). The Incompatibility of System and Lifeworld Understandings of Food Insecurity and the Provision of Food Aid in an English City. Voluntas: International Journal of Voluntary and Non-Profit Organizations, 1-16.

Davies, I.A. & Doherty, B. (2018). Balancing a Hybrid Business Model: The Search for Equilibrium at Cafédirect. Journal of Business Ethics, 157(4), 1043-1066.

Power, M., Small, N., Doherty, B., Stewart-Knox, B., Pickett, K.E.(2018). Is food insecurity associated with maternal health among UK ethnic groups? An exploration of women in the BiB cohort. European Journal of Public Health, 28(4), 661-663. 

Thorley, C. & Christiansen, P. (2017). The impact of own and others’ alcohol consumption on social contagion following a collaborative memory test. Memory, 727-740.

Gillett, A., Loader, K., Doherty, B. et al. (2018). “An examination of tensions in a hybrid collaboration: a longitudinal study of an empty homes project“, Journal of Business Ethics, 157(4), 949-967.

Powell, M., Gillett, A. & Doherty, B. (2018). “Sustainability in social enterprise: hybrid organizing in public services“, Public Management Review, 1-28.

Samuel, A., Peattie, K., Doherty, B., (2018) “Expanding the boundaries of brand communities: the case of Fairtrade Towns“, European Journal of Marketing, 52(3/4), 758-782.

Doherty, B. (2018) “Research in the Social Enterprise Journal – from the margins to the mainstream“, Social Enterprise Journal, 14(1), 108-116.

Power, M. S., Small, N., Doherty, B., Stewart-Knox, B. & Pickett, K. (2017). “Bringing heaven down to earth”: the purpose and place of religion in UK food aid”, Social Enterprise Journal, 13(3), 251-267.

Power, M. S., Uphoff, E. P., Stewart-Knox, B., Small, N., Doherty, B. & Pickett, K. (2017). “Food insecurity and socio-demographic characteristics in two UK ethnic groups: an analysis of women in the Born in Bradford cohort“, Journal of Public Health, 40(1), 32-40.

Power M, Doherty B, Small N, Teasdale S, Pickett K. (2017). All in it Together? Community Food Aid in a Multi-Ethnic Context. Journal of Social Policy, 46(3), 1-25.

Doherty, B. (2016). Resilience and Fairtrade. Journal of the Institute of Food Science and Technology (London), 30 (3), 16-19.

Articles in The Conversation

Power, M and Pybus, K (2019). Why some people are being put off food banks

Oliver, T and Doherty, B (22.10.19). Going entirely organic could mean food emissions up 70% in England and Wales.

Ocean, N. and Howley, P. (2019). Eating more fruit and vegetables linked to better mental well-being – new study.

West, C., Doherty, B., Heron, T. (2018). Sustainable diets will remain a minefield until we change the way we approach food.

Doherty, B. (2018). Europeans deserve a food policy that focuses on the environment and people’s health.

Power M, Doherty B. (Feb 2017). Christian food aid could be excluding those from other religions in need of help. The Conversation

Doherty B, (Jan 2017). Food security: how Fairtrade helps level the playing field for small producers. The Conversation

Doherty, B. (Dec 2016). It’s not a very merry Christmas for Fairtrade chocolate. The Conversation

Book Chapters

Doherty, B., Haugh, H. and Lyon, F. (2019). Strategic management tensions in hybrid organisations in Handbook on Hybrid Organisations, (Billis, D. and Rochester, C., eds.). Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing, Chapter 14.

Blake, D.J.H, Thiengburanathum, Poon., Thiengburanathum, Pongtip., Friend, R.M., Doherty B. and Thankappan S. (2019). Looking at complex agri-food systems from an actor perspective: The case of Northern Thailand in Advances in Food Security and Sustainability, Volume 4 1st Edition (Barling, D. and Fanzo, J. eds). Academic Press, paperback ISBN: 9780128176986 (Chapter 2).

Doherty, B. and Kittipanya-ngam, P. (2019). Inclusive value chain development: the role of social enterprise hybrids in smallholder value chains in A Research Agenda for Social Enterprise (De Bruin, A. and Teasdale, S., eds). Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar. ISBN: 9781788972314 (Chapter 9, pp 94-103).

Chapter on ‘Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment through Fair Trade Social Enterprise: the case of Divine Chocolate and Kuapa Kokoo’, Doherty, B.(21 September 2018), Entrepreneurship and the Social Development Goals, Vol:8., Apostolopolous, N., Al-Dajani, H., Holt, D., Jones, P. and Newbury, R. (eds). Emerald Publishing Ltd.

Chapter on Social Entrepreneurship: Entrepreneurship and Social Value Creation, Haugh, H., Lyons, F., Doherty, B. (2018), The Sage Handbook of Small Business and Entrepreneurship, Blackburn, R, De Clerk, D. and Heinonen, J. (eds). London: Sage, pp 125-148.

Industry Publications

Launch of Oxfam GB’s Equitable Business Tool to help buying teams source products from fairer businesses.

Blog ‘Fairer procurement: The equitable procurement tool’ by Alex Maitland. Bob Doherty and IKnowFood acknowledged at end of blog.

Coop Future of Food 2030 Ambition, 27 September, 2018. IKF’s Professor Bob Doherty was closely involved in the drafting of the plan and this was acknowledged on page 51 of the document.

Cocoa for change, Fairtrade the #Coop way. Co-operative Group Limited, 25.02.17. IKF’s Professor Bob Doherty was involved in the drafting of the report, which looks at the fall in cocoa prices and how by partnering with Fairtrade, Coop is addressing the issues of an unsustainable cocoa industry.

British Food: What role should UK producers have in feeding the UK? Morrisons Supermakets Plc,17.02.17. IKF’s Professor Bob Doherty was a key contributing author to the report, written by leading experts on global food issues, outlining the risks of climate and political change to food supply from outside the UK.

Case Study Insights

Seeking Justice: how to understand and end food poverty in York (2019), Power, M S and York Food Justice Alliance.

WWF Living Planet Report 2018, Dr Chris West and Dr Simon Croft are key contributing authors to the WWF Living Planet Report 2018.

WWF Living Planet Report 2016, Dr Chris West and Dr Simon Croft are key contributing authors to the WWF Living Planet Report 2016 (published 27 Oct 2016)

Working Papers

Ocean, N and Howley, P (2019). Using Prospect Theory to Improve the Design of Agricultural Subsidy Schemes, Leeds University Business School Working Paper. Available at SSRN: or

Darzentas, J., Petrie, H. & Darzentas, I. (2018). Employing Systems Thinking Approaches and the Service Design paradigm as tools to support collaboration across a multi-stakeholder initiative: the responsible food consumption exemplar. Relating Systems Thinking and Design 2017 working paper.

Ocean, N., Howley, P. & Ensor, J. (2018). Lettuce Be Happy: The Effects of Fruit and Vegetable Consumption on Subjective Well-Being in the UK. Leeds University Business School working paper.

[Authors TBC] (2019). Green messages and consumer preferences: can food product logos increase choice for sustainable foods? University of Liverpool (working paper).

[Authors TBC] (2019). Identifying perceived barriers to sustainable food choices in low SES groups: a qualitative study. University of Liverpool (working paper).